Jesus by Bartolomé Esteban Perez Murillo

The Spaniard Bartolomé Esteban Perez Murillo (1618-1682) painted scenes of Jesus Christ’s life since his conception till his crucifixion in Jerusalem.

O espanhol Bartolomé Esteban Perez Murillo (1618-1682) pintou cenas da vida de Jesus Cristo até à sua crucificação em Jerusalém.

Bartolomé Esteban Perez Murillo (1618-1682)-‘Annuntiation’-oil on canvas-ca 1660    Madrid-Museo del Prado

Bartolomé Esteban Perez Murillo (1618-1682)-‘Holy Family with the little bird’-oil on canvas    Madrid-Museo del Prado

Bartolomé Esteban Perez Murillo (1618-1682)-‘the two Trinities’    London-National Gallery

Bartolomé Esteban Perez Murillo (1618-1682)-‘Christ child bread distributed to the Pilgrims’    Budapest-SammlungEsterházy

Bartolomé Esteban Perez Murillo (1618-1682)-‘St Francis of Assisi embracing Christ on the Cross’-1668    Sevilla-Museo de Bellas Artes


Saint Pieter square and basilica in Vatican

The basilica installed by Emperor Constantine was located beside Nero's Circus where St. Peter was martyred. The current one was built on the same site. The city-state is located between 20 and 76 meters high and the Basilica dome 130 meters high.

A basílica instalada pelo Imperador Constantino situava-se ao lado do circo de Nero onde martirizaram São Pedro. Edificaram a atual no mesmo local. A cidade-estado localiza-se entre os 20 e 76 metros de altitude e a cúpula da Basílica a 130 metros.

Caspar van Wittel or Vanvitelli (1652-1736)-‘view of Piazza San Pietro’-oil on canvas-ca 1720    Private collection

Giovanni Battista Piranesi (1720-1778)-‘view of the basilica of St Pieter’s square at Vatican’-etching

George Cooke (1793-1849)-‘interior of St Pieter’s at Vatican’-1847

Giovanni Paolo Pannini (1691-1765)-‘interior of St Pieter’s at Vatican’-oil on canvas    Hannover-Niedersächsisches Landesmuseum

Francesco Barbazza (18th century)-‘view of Sistine chapel in the Vatican Apostolic Palace’-etching-1766

Giovanni Paolo Pannini (1691-1765)-‘Charles III at St Pieter’s’-oil on canvas    Napoli-Museo Nazionale di Capodimonte


Catholicism by José Benlliure y Gil

José Benlliure y Gil (1855-1937), a native of Valencia, studied with Francisco Martinez Marqués, who acknowledged José’s value and sent him to the Spanish school in Rome (1879).

José Benlliure y Gil (1855-1937), natural de Valência, estudou com Francisco Martínez Marqués, que reconheceu o seu valor e o enviou para a Escola Espanhola de Roma (1879).

José Benlliure y Gil (1855-1937)-'the boys' choir'-oil on panel  

José Benlliure y Gil (1855-1937)-'celebrating Santa Maria de la Rosa'-oil on panel    Private collection

José Benlliure y Gil (1855-1937)-'hearing Mass, Rocafort'-oil on canvas    Valencia-Museo de Bellas Artes

José Benlliure y Gil (1855-1937)- 'the priest's visit'-oil on panel    Private collection

José Benlliure y Gil (1855-1937)-'mass in the chapel'-oil on canvas-1871    Valencia-Museo de Bellas Artes


Winners by Jean-Simon Berthélemy

The Frenchman Jean-Simon Berthélemy (1743-1811) painted famous warriors, well-known saints, and motifs from Greek mythology.

O francês Jean-Simon Berthélemy (1743-1811) pintou guerreiros famosos, santos muito conhecidos e temas da mitologia grega.

Jean-Simon Berthélemy (1743-1811) and Jean-Baptiste Mauzaisse (1784-1844)-'Prometheus creating the man in the presence of Athena'-1802     Paris-Musée du Louvre

Jean-Simon Berthélemy (1743-1811)-'bacchante playing the cymbals'-oil on canvas-1743    Private collection

Jean-Simon Berthélemy (1743-1811)-'Saint Carlo Borromeo attending to the plague victims'-oil on canvas-1778    Houston-Museum of Fine Arts

Jean-Simon Berthélemy (1743-1811)-'Alexandre cuts the Gordian knot'

Jean-Simon Berthélemy (1743-1811)-'Jupiter and Callisto'-oil on canvas    Private collection


Politics and mythology by Louis-Charles-Auguste Couder

The Frenchman Louis-Charles-Auguste Couder (1790-1873) painted scenes related to the French and American Revolutions along with mythological themes.

O francês Louis-Charles-Auguste Couder (1790-1873) pintou cenas relacionadas com as Revoluções francesa e americana a par de temas mitológicos.

Louis-Charles-Auguste Couder (1790-1873)-'the oath of the tennis court (jeu de paume), June 20, 1789'-oil on canvas    Versailles-Musée National du Château et des Trianons (Galerie des batailles)

Louis-Charles-Auguste Couder (1790-1873)-'instalation of the State Council in the palace of Petit Luxembourg, 25 December 1799'-oil on canvas-1856    Paris-Conseil d'État

Louis-Charles-Auguste Couder (1790-1873)-'opening of the States General (Menus-Plaisirs), May 5, 1789'-oil on canvas-1839    Versailles-Musée National du Château et des Trianons (Galerie des batailles)

Louis-Charles-Auguste Couder (1790-1873)-'the Earth, or the fight of Heracles and Antaeus'-1819    Paris-Musée du Louvre

Louis-Charles-Auguste Couder (1790-1873)-'battle of Yorktown 1781'-oil on canvas-1836    Versailles-Musée National du Château et des Trianons (Galerie des batailles)


Famous by François-André Vincent

The pictorial themes of François-André Vincent (1747-1816) have been situated between Fragonard and David.

Os temas pictóricos do francês François-André Vincent (1747-1816) têm sido situados entre os de Fragonard e David.

François-André Vincent (1747-1816)_'chancellor Antoine Chaumont de la Galaizière receives the homage of the first president of the court of Lorraine in Nancy March 21, 1737'-1778    Nancy-Musée Lorrain

François-André Vincent (1747-1816)-'Belisaurius'-oil on canvas-1776    Montpellier-Musée Fabre

François-André Vincent (1747-1816)-'Zeuxis choosing his models for the image of Helen among the girls of Croton'-oil on canvas-1788    Stanford-University Gerald Cantor-Center for Visual Arts

François-André Vincent (1747-1816)-'William Tell reversing the boat on which the governor Gessler crossed Lake Lucerne'-oil on canvas-ca1791    Toulouse-Musée des Augustins

François-André Vincent (1747-1816)-'Democritus among the Abderitans'-oil on canvas-ca 1790    Los Angeles-County Museum of Art

François-André Vincent (1747-1816)-'Germanicus soothes sedition in his camp'-1768    Paris-École Nationale Supérieur des Beaux-Arts



Justice has had several symbols. The most common are a sword or a balance scale with dishes suspended in equilibrium. A different position is found in the funeral monument of Urban VIII in the Vatican Basilica of St. Peter.  Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini is the author. As on the engraving by Albrecht Dürer, Justice appears in a melancholic position.

A Justiça conheceu vários símbolos dos quais os mais vulgares são uma espada ou uma balança de pratos suspensos em equilíbrio. Diferente é o seu posicionamento no monumento fúnebre de Urbano VIII na Basílica Vaticana de São Pedro da autoria de Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini. Tal como na gravura de Albrecht Dürer, a Justiça aparece em posição melancólica.  

Gaetano Gandolfi (1734-1802)-'allegory of Justice'-ca 1760    Paris-Musée du Louvre

Sienese school (16th century)-'allegory of Justice'-oil on canvas-ca 1560    Strasbourg-Historical Museum

Corrado Giaquinto (1703-1766)-'allegory of Peace and Justice'-ca 1754    Indianapolis-Museum of Art

Luca Giordano (1632-1705)-'allegory of Justice'-fresco-ca 1684    Firenze-Palazzo Medici-Riccardi

Raffaello Sanzio (1483-1520)-'allegory of Justice'-fresco-ca 1511    Città del Vaticano-Palazzi Pontifici (Stanza della Segnatura-ceiling)

Girolamo Galizzi, called da Santacroce I (ca 1490-1556)-'Justice'


Italy by Christen Schiellerup Kobke

The Danish artist Christen Schiellerup Kobke (1810-1848) won a trip to Italy in 1838. This allowed him to make sketches in the regions he visited which he used for some of his paintings after returning to his country.

O dinamarquês Christen Schiellerup Kobke (1810-1848) ganhou uma viagem a Itália em 1838. Tal facto permitiu-lhe fazer esboços nas regiões visitadas que, de regresso ao seu país, usou para algumas das suas pinturas.

Christen Schiellerup Kobke (1810-1848)-'bay of Naples with Vesuvius in the background' oil on canvas-1843    Toledo-Museum of Art

Christen Schiellerup Kobke (1810-1848)-'gateway in the Via Sepulchralis in Pompeii'-oil on canvas-1846    Los Angeles-County Museum of Art

Christen Schiellerup Kobke (1810-1848)-'Castel dell'Ovo a Naples'-oil on paper mounted in canvas-ca1840    Copenhagen-Statens Museum for Kunst
Christen Schiellerup Kobke (1810-1848)-'view of Marina Piccola'

Christen Schiellerup Kobke (1810-1848)-'Marina Piccola on Capri'-ca 1836    Copenhagen-Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek


Seascapes by Jan van de Capelle

The Dutch artist Jan van de Capelle (1526-1679) devoted much of his pictorial work to themes related to maritime boats.

O holandês Jan van de Capelle (1526-1679) dedicou grande parte da sua obra pictórica a assuntos ligados a barcos marítimos.

Jan van de Capelle (1526-1679)-'the home fleet saluting the state barge'-oil on panel-1650    Amsterdam-Rijksmuseum

Jan van de Capelle (1526-1679)-'seascape with sailing boats'-oil on canvas-ca 1652    Madrid-Museo Thyssen-Bornmisza

Jan van de Capelle (1526-1679)-'Dutch yacht firing a Salvo'-oil on panel-1650    London-National Gallery

Jan van de Capelle (1526-1679)-'a calm'-oil on canvas-1654    Cardiff-National Museum

Jan van de Capelle (1526-1679)-'ships in a calm'-oil on canvas-ca 1650    Los Angeles- County Museum of Art


Denmark by Christen Schiellerup Kobke

The Danish artist Christen Schiellerup Kobke (1810-1848) painted motifs related to the outskirts of Copenhagen.

O dinamarquês Christen Schiellerup Kobke (1810-1848) pintou motivos relacionados com os arredores de Copenhaga.

Christen Schiellerup Kobke (1810-1848)-'Frederiksborg castle in the evening light-oil on canvas-1835    Copenhagen-Hirschsprungske Samling'

Christen Schiellerup Kobke (1810-1848)-'autumn landscape Frederiksborg castle in the middle distance'-oil on canvas-ca 1838    Copenhagen-Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek

Christen Schiellerup Kobke (1810-1848)-'view of a street in Osterbro outside Copenhagen morning light'-oil on canvas-1831    Copenhagen-Statens Museum for Kunst    

Christen Schiellerup Kobke (1810-1848)-'view of Osterbro from Dorseringen'-oil on canvas-1838    Wintherthur-Museum Oskar Reinhart

Christen Schiellerup Kobke (1810-1848)-'a view from Dosseringen near the Sortedam Lake looking toward the suburb Norrebro outside Copenhagen'-oil on canvas-1838    Copenhagen-Statens Museum for Kunst