Nasceu em Florença de família ligada politicamente aos 'Guelfos brancos', partido ligado ao Imperador e contra o Papa. Aos 18 anos conheceu Beatrice Portinari, 10 anos mais nova que ele. Sentiu profundamente a sua morte em 1290. Combateu na batalha de Campaldino (11.08.1289) contra Arezzo. Foi médico e farmacêutico. Guido Novello da Polenta, príncipe de Ravenna, convidou-o (1318) para viver nesta cidade onde terminou o 'Paraíso' e onde foi sepultado. Consideraram-no 'il sommo poeta'.
He was born in Florence within a family politically connected to the 'white Guelphs', a party that was pro Emperor and against the Pope. At 18 he met Beatrice Portinari, 10 years younger than him. He was deeply affected by her death in 1290. He fought in the Battle of Campaldino (11th, August 1289) against Arezzo. He was a doctor and pharmacist. Guido Novello da Polenta, prince of Ravenna, invited him (1318) to live in this city, the place where he finished 'Paradise' and where he was buried. He is considered ‘il sommo poet'.
Dante Gabriel Rossetti (1828-1882)-'the first anniversary of the death of Beatrice: Dante drawing the Angel'-watercolour on paper-1853 Oxford (UK)-Ashmolean Museum
Dante Gabriel Rossetti (1828-1882)-'Beatrice meeting Dante at a marriage feast, denies him her salutation'-watercolour on paper-1855
Dante Gabriel Rossetti (1828-1882)-Dante's dream at the time of the death of Beatrice-oil on canvas Liverpool-Walker Art Gallery
Dante Gabriel Rossetti (1828-1882)-'Dante's vision of Rachel and Leah'-watercolour on paper-1855 London-Tate Gallery
Ferdinad Victor Eugène Delacroix (1798-1863)-'the barque of Dante'-oil on canvas-1822 Paris-Musée du Louvre