The Greeks founded Neapolis in the gulf of the Tyrrhenian Sea near the islands of Ischia and Capri. It suffered several conquests: from the Romans (4th century BC) to the Italian unification (1861). The Greeks dug subterranean galleries that today contain thousands of cisterns. The University was created in 1224. The Archaeological Museum (Bourbon) received the first pieces after the excavations of Pompeii. It was razed by the German bombardments of 1944.
Os gregos fundaram Neapolis no golfo do mar Tirreno nas proximidades das ilhas de Ischia e Capri. Sofreu diversas conquistas: dos Romanos (séc. IV aC) à unificação Italiana (1861). Os gregos escavaram galerias subterrâneas actualmente com milhares de cisternas. Criaram a sua Universidade em 1224. O Museu Arqueológico (Borbónico) recebeu as primeiras peças com as escavações de Pompeia. Arrasaram-na os bombardeamentos alemães de 1944.
Wilhelm Oswald Gustav Achenbach (1827-1905)-'on the beach of Naples'-oil on canvas
Franz Richard Unterberger (1838-1902)-'the bay of Naples'-oil on canvas
Ivan Constantinvich Aiazovosky (1817-1900)-'view of Naples'-oil on canvas 1845 Private collection
Antonio Joli (ca 1700-1777)-'view of Naples from the strada di Santa Lucia'-oil on canvas Private collection
Consalvo Carelli (1818-1900)-'the bay of Naples'-oil on canvas