Paris Commune 1871

After the French defeat in the Franco-Prussian War the first proletarian government was formed in Paris, based on the principles of the First International. The uprising began on March 18, 1871. In the agony of the revolt the painter Gustave Courbet destroyed the column of Vandôme Square. He was forced to pay the new one after his return from Switzerland. Suppressed by Gen. Marquis de Galliffet (1830-1909), the revolt ended bloodily in the cemetery Père Lachaise on May 28.

Após a derrota francesa na guerra Franco-Prussiana formou-se em Paris o primeiro governo proletário baseado nos princípios da I Internacional. A insurreição iniciou-se a 18 de Março de 1871. Na agonia da revolta o pintor Gustave Courbet destruiu a coluna da Praça Vandôme. Obrigaram-no a pagar a nova depois do seu regresso da Suiça. Reprimida pelo general Marquês de Galliffet (1830-1909) terminou de maneira sangrenta no cemitério Père Lachaise a 28 de Maio.

Édouard Manet (1832-1883)-'barricade'-watercolor on paper Budapest-Szepmevesiti Muzeum

Gustave Clarence Rodolphe Boulanger (1824-1888)-'tower Saint Jacques picked up by the Versailles troops, May 1871'-oil on canvas Paris-Musée Carnavalet

Paul-Félix Guerie (18926-1920)-'a wedding under the Commune of Paris of 1871'-oil on canvas

Isidore-Alexandre-Auguste Pils (1813-1874)-'the fall of the Vendôme column, 29 May 1871'-oil on canvas Paris-Musée Carnavalet

Henri-Félix-Emmanuel Philippoteaux (1815-1884)-'last combats at Père Lachaise'-oil on canvas-1871 Saint Denis-Musée d'Art et d'Histoire

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