Ethnologists ascribe different, and more or less old, origins to Carnival. They refer that some of its elements show some permissiveness by the Catholic Church in the period before the liturgical formalities of the Lenten season.

Os etnólogos atribuem ao Carnaval origens diversas e mais ou menos antigas. Indicam que alguns dos seus elementos evidenciam certa permissividade por parte da Igreja Católica no período que antecede as formalidades litúrgicas da Quaresma.

Joos van Craesbeeck (ca 1605-ca 1660)-'childrens' carnival entertainement on shrove-Twesday'-oil on wood   Paris-Musée du Louvre

Étienne Jeaurat (1699-1789)-'carnival on the streets of Paris'-oil on canvas-1757   Paris-Musée Carnavalet

Pietro Falca called Longhi (ca 1702-1785)-'il ridotto'-oil on canvas-1740   Venezia-Museo della Fondazione Querini Stampalia

Pieter van der Heyden (1530-1572) after Pieter Brueghel the Elder (ca 1525-1569)-'carnival'-engraving-1567   Rotterdam-Museum Boijmans van Buren

Follower of Lodewijk Toeput or Lodovico Pozzoserrato (ca 1550-1604)-'Carnival in Venice'-oil on canvas   Private collection

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