Smoking waterpipe (hookah, narghile)
The use of this appliance is very widespread in several countries, particularly among consumers who make use of Indian hemp derivatives.
A utilização deste aparelho encontra-se muito divulgada em vários países, particularmente entre os consumidores de derivados de cânhamo indiano.
Rudolf Ernst (1854-1932)-'smoking the hookah'-oil on panel Private collection
Rudolf Ernst (1854-1932)-'preparing the hookah'-oil on panel Private collection
Unknown-'two Indians courtesans wearing saris and jewellery; one smokes a waterpipe and the other offers her a 'pan' with a mild narcotic' London-British Library (Id Add Or 3341)
Unknown-'courtesan smoking a hookah'-1865 London-British Library (Id Add Or 1878)
Unknown-'Abu Zafar Siraj al-Din Muhammad smoking a hookah'-1810 London-British Library (Add Or 343)