Saint Pieter square and basilica in Vatican

The basilica installed by Emperor Constantine was located beside Nero's Circus where St. Peter was martyred. The current one was built on the same site. The city-state is located between 20 and 76 meters high and the Basilica dome 130 meters high.

A basílica instalada pelo Imperador Constantino situava-se ao lado do circo de Nero onde martirizaram São Pedro. Edificaram a atual no mesmo local. A cidade-estado localiza-se entre os 20 e 76 metros de altitude e a cúpula da Basílica a 130 metros.

Caspar van Wittel or Vanvitelli (1652-1736)-‘view of Piazza San Pietro’-oil on canvas-ca 1720    Private collection

Giovanni Battista Piranesi (1720-1778)-‘view of the basilica of St Pieter’s square at Vatican’-etching

George Cooke (1793-1849)-‘interior of St Pieter’s at Vatican’-1847

Giovanni Paolo Pannini (1691-1765)-‘interior of St Pieter’s at Vatican’-oil on canvas    Hannover-Niedersächsisches Landesmuseum

Francesco Barbazza (18th century)-‘view of Sistine chapel in the Vatican Apostolic Palace’-etching-1766

Giovanni Paolo Pannini (1691-1765)-‘Charles III at St Pieter’s’-oil on canvas    Napoli-Museo Nazionale di Capodimonte

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