Lloyd Cyril Elgood (1893-1970), a historian of Persian medicine, attributes the invention of the hookah to Irfan Shaikh, the physician of Akbar I (1542-1605), Mogul Emperor. However, Ahli Shirazi (-1535), a Persian poet, mentions its use during the reign of Sultan Tahmasp I (1514-1576).

Cyril Lloyd Elgood (1893-1970), historiador da medicina persa, atribui a invenção do hookah a Irfan Shaikh, físico de Akbar I (1542-1605), imperador Mogul. Contudo, Ahli Shirazi ( -1535), poeta persa, menciona o seu uso no reinado do Sultão Tahmasp I (1514-1576).

Moritz Stifter (1857-1905)-‘in the harem’

Eugène Delacroix (1798-1863)-‘the women of Algiers (in their partment)’-oil on canvas    Paris-Musée du Louvre

Gyula Tornai (1861-1928)-‘a musical afternoon’

Gyula Tornai (1861-1928)-‘oriental smoker with hookah and marabout’

Stanislaus von Chlebowski (1835-1884)-‘Bashi-Bazouk with hookah’

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